Wales - an introduction
Wales is not a big country. It has a maximum length of 140 miles (225 km) and is 100 miles (160 km) across at its widest. It is a mountainous country because around one quarter of the land is above 1,000ft (304 m) and in the north the peak of Snowdon rises to 3,560ft (1085 m), the highest point in England and Wales. Wales has a long coastline, consisting of bays, beaches, peninsulas and cliffs. In terms of land use, 81% is used for agriculture, 12% is covered in woodland, and only 8% is categorised as urban.
Wales has a population of 2.8 million. The people are mainly concentrated in the south-eastern corner around the capital city of Cardiff. The city, whose population is about 270,000, grew up in the 19th century as a coal-exporting port. The Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries had its major impact in South Wales, where the iron and steel factories and coal mines were concentrated. Swansea, also in the south, is Wales's second city with a population of 177,000.
It is estimated that 20% of the population speak Welsh fluently. Their history of struggle against invaders from within and without mainland Britain, has left Wales with more castles per square mile than any other country in Western Europe. These great castles in peaceful rural settings add so much to the beauty of the Welsh landscape.
- Irány a Feladatlap!